This week was the last week of 2021 field season for the Legume Virus Project, so all the aphid pan traps were taken out from winter and spring pea fields. This week also no aphid was collected from any of the winter pea or spring pea sites. Now the pea plants are drying down and no aphids are immigrating to the Palouse.
Congratulations to all the growers in the region! As you all noticed, this year was mostly aphid-free. We experienced quite uncommon weather this year. For example, June had several very hot (>100 F) days. These weather patterns could change year by year so please be vigilant in coming years too. We will come back next year with updates on aphids and viruses. Hope your harvest goes well.
This week was super hot in our region, with the hottest days ever recorded in June in some areas. Many of the pan traps were clean and didn't even have any insects trapped. So, no aphid was collected from any of the winter pea or spring pea sites.
Other pests in sweep net samples:
This week we sampled each of the pea fields by using sweep nets (50 sweeps/site) to assess any insect pests in peas.
Except for one aphid on each of sites # 1 and 2, no pea aphid was collected even from the sweep net sampling. So, the results from aphid pan traps and sweep net sampling showed that this year's peas in the Palouse region were mostly aphid-free. Similarly, 12 pea weevils in site # 1, six in site # 2, seven in site # 5, one in site # 6, six in site # 10, and five weevils in site # 13 were observed in sweep samples. Additionally, 10 pea leaf weevils in site # 1, two in site # 2, one in site # 7, nine in site # 9, four in site # 11, and 38 pea leaf weevils in site # 12 were detected. Other less pestiferous and some beneficial insects were also collected but they were not as abundant as pea weevils and pea leaf weevils.
This week no aphid was collected from any of the winter pea or spring pea sites. Good news, again!
Luckily aphids were mostly absent in the pan traps. This week in winter pea sites, one aphid from site # 12 (Parker Farm, ID), and two aphids from site #13 (Spillman Farm, WA) were collected. In spring pea sites, ten aphids each from sites # 8 (Colton, WA), # 9 (Schultheis Rd, WA), # 10 (Old Hwy 95, ID), and # 11 (Hwy 95 JCT) were collected, but no aphids were observed in other winter or spring pea sites. Also, except on aphids from sites # 10 and 11 (only PEMV was positive on aphids from both sites), no virus was detected on any of the other collected aphids.
We also detected pea weevils (≤5/50 sweeps) at Site # 8 (Colton, WA) and Site # 10 (Old Hwy 95 Rd, ID).
This week's weather was primarily windy, cold (mid-40s F) to warm (mid-70s F), and lightly rainy. A few of the pan traps were flooded due to rain. This week, no aphid was collected from any of the winter pea or spring pea sites. Good news!
This week's weather ranged from warm (~65 F) to hot (~90 F) across sites. This week in winter pea sites, one aphid was collected from site-12 (Parker Farm, Moscow, ID), but no aphid was collected from other sites. No virus was detected from the aphid. Also, there was no aphid found in any of the spring pea sites.
Virus tests on pea plants:
We also collected pea plant samples (n =15 plants/site: 5 plants from each of 3 transects per site) from each of the 13 locations for virus tests. Plants from sites # 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 12, and 13 tested positive for PEMV (Pea Enation Mosaic Virus). Similarly, plants from sites # 1, 2, 3, and 4 tested positive for BLRV (Bean Leaf Roll Virus). Pea plants from other sites were tested negative for PEMV and BLRV.
We also detected a few pea weevils (≤2/50 sweeps) at Site # 5 (Olson Rd, Palouse, WA).
This week's weather was windy but warmer than the last week. This week in winter pea sites, eight aphids from site-12 (Parker Farm, Moscow, ID) and one from site -1 (Genese, ID) were collected, but no aphid was collected from other sites. Also, no virus was detected on any of the collected aphids. We are ahead of next year in finding pea aphids at the winter pea sites. This week there was no aphid found in any of the spring pea sites. More aphids can be expected next week.
This week (a relatively cold and rainy week) also no pea aphid was collected at any of the seven winter pea or six spring pea sites. Starting next week, we will also be collecting plant samples for virus analysis. Stay tuned for the updates.
Good news! This week no pea aphid was collected at any of the seven winter pea sites. Six spring pea fields were also added this week (round markers on the map) and will be checked for the first time next week. Stay tuned for the updates.
We checked all the winter pea locations this week. Except for one aphid collected from the Parker Farm location (site #12), no pea aphid was found in any of the other sites. Even though it is a single aphid from a single site so far, we are well ahead of last year in finding an aphid as there was no single aphid trapped until early June last year. However, the good news is no virus was detected from the aphid. We have already identified the spring pea locations for this year. Please stay tuned for additional information.
We checked all the winter pea locations this week. The good news so far is no pea aphids were found in any of the sites. Aphid traps were placed at two more winter pea locations (total = 7 for this year) this week. More pea locations (including spring peas) are coming soon.
With the help of ProGene Plant Research, Pacific Northwest Farmers Cooperative, and other stakeholders, we have identified 11 pea sites (5 winter pea + 6 spring pea) so far in the Palouse area for this year. We will add more pea locations in the coming weeks. Trap locations for winter and spring peas can be found on the 2021 aphid/virus tracker map. Pea aphid pan traps were deployed this week in five winter pea fields, but the spring peas are not ready for the survey yet. Stay tuned for more updates. Thank you, all of the stakeholders and growers, for supporting the Legume Virus Project. Best wishes for the upcoming growing season!
We are finishing up our aphid collection from this year's winter and spring peas. This week in winter pea sites, two pea aphids were collected from site-5 and one from site-8. In spring pea sites, eight pea aphids were collected from site-11, twenty-one from site-12, seven from site-13, three from site-14, and six aphids from site-15. We collected more aphids in spring peas this year than last year, but they didn't seem too high to damage the crops significantly. Although aphid numbers are increasing and unfortunately due to COVID-19 we are unable to process this year’s specimens in time to detect viruses, the effect of any new virus infections in pea at this stage is negligible. We suggest our growers monitor for the abundance that is great enough to cause direct injury. Please check our updates on aphids and virus next year.
This week in spring pea sites, one pea aphid was collected from site-11, four from site-12, one from site-13, one from site-14, and three aphids from site-15. This week, except two aphids collected from site-5, no aphid was collected from the winter pea sites. This week many of the pan traps were flooded due to rain.
This week in spring peas, three pea aphids were collected from site-11, five from site-12, seven from site-13, eleven from site-14, and fourteen aphids from site-15. In winter peas, one aphid was collected from site-5 and two from site-7, but no aphid was collected from other sites.Other pests:
We also detected a few pea weevils (≤2/50 sweeps) at two of these spring pea fields.
This week in spring pea sites, zero pea aphid was collected from site-11, one from site-12, three from site-13, two from site-14, four from site-15, one from site-16, and one aphid from site-17. This week one aphid was collected in site-1, one from site-6, and one from site-10 in winter pea sites. This week many of the pan traps were flooded due to rain. Due to Covid-19 related restrictions, processing aphids to detect the presence of the virus will be delayed this year, but we are working on it. Stay tuned for more updates.
This week, two pea aphids were collected from site-11, nine from site-12, two from site-13, two from site-14, and four aphids from site-15. This week also, no aphid has been found in winter pea sites. Due to Covid-19 related restrictions, processing aphids to detect the presence of virus will be delayed this year. Stay tuned for the updates.
This week also we haven't found any aphids in winter peas traps. However, one aphid was collected from each of site 12, 14, and 15 from the spring pea traps. This week many of the pan traps were flooded due to rain. Due to Covid-19 related restrictions, processing aphids to detect the presence of virus will be delayed this year.
We haven’t found any aphids so far in the 2020 traps in winter peas. Stay tuned for more aphid and virus updates in both winter and spring peas.
We haven’t found any aphids so far in any of the 2020 traps located in winter peas. Stay tuned for more aphid and virus updates in both winter and spring peas.
We haven’t found any aphids so far in any of the 2020 traps located in winter peas. Stay tuned for more aphid and virus updates.
This year we are happy to collaborate with ProGene Plant Research LLC. ProGene is leading to setting up the pea aphid pan traps in the inland Pacific Northwest region. Trap locations for winter and spring peas can be found on the 2020 aphid/virus tracker map. This year's traps range from Davenport, WA to Pendleton, OR. The good news is that we haven’t found any aphids so far in any of the 2020 traps. Thank you ProGene and all the pea producers for your support to the Legume Virus Project! Stay tuned for more updates.
We finished our aphid collection as well as virus testing for this year's cultivated (winter and spring peas) sites. While we collected very few aphids this year, NO virus was detected from any of those aphids. As the aphid populations fluctuate year by year, there might be few reasons why we are not seeing aphids and virus in 2019. For example, late spring/early summer was uncommonly cold and wet, but these weather patterns could change year by year. We suggest our growers to be as vigilant as before in coming years and check our updates on aphids and virus.
This week, except the two aphids found in site 12, no aphid was collected from any other spring pea sites. While spring peas are done (or almost done) flowering, we pulled out our spring pea aphid traps this week. However, we have recently gotten results from three additional traps that were deployed in the perennial habitats, nearby vetch populations. No virus was detected in these sites, but one aphid was collected from each of these three sites. We will keep updating on virus and aphids on vetch populations.
Again, great news for the growers! This week, no aphid was collected from any of the spring pea sites, and we already pulled out our winter pea traps.
Since this year's pea fields are mostly clean (aphid-free/virus-free) and the winter peas are either almost done flowering or already drying, we collected all of our winter pea aphid traps this week. We collected only two aphids from site 6, but no aphid was found in other winter pea sites. Also, NO aphid was found from any of the spring pea sites, but we will keep spring pea aphid traps for few more weeks.
This week also most of the pea fields are aphid-free. Only one aphid was collected from site 4, but no aphid was found in other winter pea sites. Also, NO aphid was found from any of the spring pea sites.
Good news for our growers that this year's most of the pea fields are aphid-free and virus-free. This week, one aphid was collected each from site 4, 5, and 6, but no aphid was found in other winter pea sites. Also, except one aphid collected from site 9, no aphid was found from any of the other spring pea sites. Pea enation mosaic virus (PEMV) was tested negative from all aphids collected this year. Results for other virus tests are coming soon.
This week, six aphids were collected from site 4, one from site 5, and one from site 6, but no aphid was found in other winter pea sites. Also, no aphid was found from any of the spring pea sites.This week also many of the pan traps were flooded due to rain. Virus results are coming next week.
This week, two aphids were collected from site 3, four from site 4, and one from site 6, but no aphid was found in other winter pea sites. For the spring peas, one aphid was collected from each of site 8, 11, and 13.This week also some of the pan traps were flooded due to rain. Virus results are coming soon.
Three aphids were collected from site 4, but no aphid was found in other sites. This week, most of the pan traps were flooded due to rain. Also, six spring pea sites have been added to the map now. This week, aphids were collected from only two sites: site 8 had four aphids and site 11 had one aphid . Virus results are coming soon.
This week, no aphid was collected at sites 1, 2, and 5. However, 2 aphids were collected at site 3; 1 aphid at site 4; 3 aphids at site 6; and 1 aphid at site 7 were collected. Virus tests are underway. Also, six spring pea fields were located and sampled this week and will be added to the map soon.
All five winter pea locations were checked, but no pea aphids were found. Aphid traps were placed at two more winter pea locations (total=7). Spring pea locations are coming soon.
Aphid traps were placed at five winter pea locations
Aphid traps were checked for the last time of the season this week and pulled out of the field. Aphid counts have continued to decrease over the past few weeks with this week showing the lowest count at each trap site all season. All but one sites yielded single digit aphid counts. Virus results will continue to be updated to Aphid Tracker.
This week, all traps were sampled and aphids were captured at all sites. Aphid counts continue to drop as plants at most locations start to dry down. Plant tissue samples were taken this week and will be mailed to the Parma lab for virus testing.
This week, all traps were sampled and aphids were captured at all sites. Aphid counts appear to be dropping a little bit as plants are starting to dry down as well. Plant tissue samples will be taken next week.
This week, all traps were sampled and aphids were captured at all sites. We're still seeing a very large amount of aphids being captured in the pan traps. Still waiting on virus results.
This week, all traps were sampled and aphids were captured at all sites. This week yielded the largest amount of aphids trapped so far. Samples will be shipped to Parma for virus testing. We are still waiting of virus results from two weeks ago and last week.
Last week (6/11/18-6/15/18) the Entomological Society of America Pacific Branch meeting took place so traps were not sampled until Thursday: Aphids were found at all locations with the most aphids found at site #7. This week, aphids were found once again at all locations with the most aphids found at site #4. Aphids from both this week and last week were mailed to the Parma research lab yesterday to be tested for virus. Virus results from two weeks ago are in: 1 aphid tested positive for virus from site #4 (PEMV), 1 aphid from site #5 (PEMV), 1 aphid from site #7 (PEMV), and 2 aphids from site #8 (PEMV).
This week all aphid trap locations were sampled. Aphids were collected at all locations with the most aphids coming from sites 8 with twenty-three and site 9 with twenty-five aphids collected. Aphids will be tested for virus. We are currently still waiting on virus results from the aphids collected last week.
This week, all aphid trap locations, including the 5 new spring pea locations were sampled. Aphids were collected at all locations with the most aphids coming from sites 2 and 4 with thirty-six aphids collected from each location. Aphids will be tested for virus. This year is showing many more aphids at this point in the spring compared to last year.
Traps were checked this week. One aphid was found at site #1 and one aphid was found at site #3. These samples were sent to Parma for virus testing.
The 2018 field season is under way. We have four winter pea fields this year, and all traps have been put out and will remain out until the first hard freeze. Traps were placed at sites #1 and #2 this week. Traps were placed at site #4 last week and were checked for the first time this week; no aphids were collected. Traps were placed at site #3 two weeks ago and were checked last week and this week; no aphids were found.
This week, five pea aphids were collected at site 2 and three pea aphids were collected at site four. These aphids will be sent to Parma to test for virus.
The single pea aphid collected at site three last week tested positive for Pea Enation Mosaic Virus. This week, one aphid was collected at site three and once again, it tested positive for PEMV. Another aphid was collected this week at site four; it did not test positive for virus.
All but 4 sites had aphids present in pea aphid pan traps (76% of field sites had aphids present). The most abundant site was site #9 with a total of 4 alate pea aphids. ELISA plates are being read again for the 3rd time.
DAS-ELISA (double antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) tests of plant samples taken from each field have been analyzed.
Plant samples taken: 10 June 2016; 3 transects/site; 10 plants/transect; 16 total sites (1 site emerged as a wheat field [site was kept anyway] = site #4); 48 total samples; Plates read at 405 nm (wavelength) on 16 June 2016.
Overall - 50% of fields tested were positive for PEMV, BLRV or Both viruses.
Only 1 northern site (#3) tested positive for either virus, in this case BLRV and only 1 transect out of the 3 (33% virus incidence) was positive for that virus. All other sites that tested positive for BLRV/PEMV were located south of Moscow. Sites south and west of Moscow had the highest virus presence and incidence: sites #7, 8, 9, 10 and 12 tested positive for PEMV with a high incidence (14 out of 15 transects tested positive, 93% virus incidence). Sites south and east of Moscow: #16 and 17 tested positive for BLRV, PEMV or both (at a relatively low virus incidence, 33% and 66%, respectively). The cutoff date for treatment of alate viruliferous pea aphids (from UI data) shows that spraying before 32.49 DAE would be economical in preventing yield loss (quite early in the growing season). After looking at the fields today I believe all pea fields are past this cutoff date and thus virus damage to yield should be negligible this year. Secondary virus spread could be happening right now as I type this.
Aphids collected today (17 June 2016) have been sent south for PCR analyses.
If you'd like more information about our DAS-ELISA results please contact Brad Stokes (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Maps of the approximate locations of fields testing positive for virus PEMV and BLVR can be viewed by clicking these links. The maps show the minimum percentage of infected plants in each location sampled. This is because the plants were pooled into sets for virus detection rather than sampled individually.
PM: Laboratory tests have been completed on plant tissue samples from all 34 sites in the survey. Nearly all sites were positive for virus in at least one plant (3%) of plants sampled. This is a higher incidence of virus at this point in the season than we have observed since starting our surveys in 2006. The prevalence of virus-positive plants varies among sites and we will be posting that information to the Aphidtracker by tomorrow.
AM: Unusually high infestations of aphids are being observed in the southern stretches of our study window, and specifically along the Rimrock road corridor. We are expecting data on the presence of virus imminently. We think producers across the region should proceed as though the disease risk is proportionately higher this year due to these infestation levels. ELISA results on the presence of virus particles in the plants from a survey of producer fields taken last week will be posted soon to this site.
The aphid sampling season will be starting soon. This week we will visit the Columbia Basin to survey alfalfa fields and other sources. In early May the traps will be deployed and we will begin entering the data into the 2012 map. We will let you know as soon as this is posted.
Meanwhile, we have finalized our three calculators and posted them to this site (go to home page and click on Decision Support System for Managing Aphids & Viruses where you will find links to each one). The first calculator helps you decide on treatments for your pea seed. The second one helps you make decisions about whether to spray your fields early for aphid. The third one calculates and Economic Injury Level for aphids pre-bloom. All of these have been developed based on our research data collected during the LVP. If questions arise in using these, please let us know!
We will be holding a workshop for those interested in participating in a "beta" test of the Epicollect system that will allow growers to submit their observations of pea aphids and virus using smartphones. The data will be posted to maps that can allow everyone to see where aphids are in real time.
Location: USA Dry Pea and Lentil Council Headquarters, 2780 W. Pullman Road
What to bring: your smartphone (iPhone or Android only - does not work with Blackberry)
RSVP: if you will be attending or have questions, please contact us by email: email@example.com
Here is the full text from our Pulse Pipeline article for this date:
Virus symptoms report: This year, legume virus symptoms were first observed in the week of June 7 in pea fields near Almota, Albion and Uniontown, Washington. We also collected aphids carrying virus in traps in the same area relatively early in the season. Virus symptoms appeared later in fields near Genesee, Idaho, but have been essentially absent from fields in the northern part of the region. Last week, Lyndon Porter discovered virus symptoms in most of the 12 fields he sampled from Colfax to Moscow/Pullman. Two of the fields Lyndon scouted were severely injured. Jerry Mraz (PNW, Genesee) reports (June 20) that some symptoms are present in most of the fields he is scouting in his part of the region. In the north, Ken Fuchs (Co-Ag) reports (June 20) the crop looks mostly virus free except for rare, isolated plants. So the north-south differential observed in previous years seems to be holding. This week (June 19-20), we conducted a systematic visual survey for virus symptoms in pea fields at sites across the region where we have been trapping aphids this season. In each field, plants were sampled along two 100-meter transects. Along each transect, 50 plants were examined for symptoms every ten meters, for a total of 500 plants per transect. We sampled along two transects for a total of 1000 plants per field. We found the proportion of plants showing symptoms ranged from zero to 80% (Fig. 1) (all were pea fields except those indicated as lentil). As in prior years of our study, virus disease prevalence and percent infection is greater in the southern part than in the northern part of the region. Nonetheless, there are exceptions indicating local factors can override the drivers of this geographic trend. The symptoms we have seen this year (Figs. 2 and 3) are the distortion and windowing consistent with Pea enation mosaic virus, but our lab tests indicate Bean leaf roll virus is also present. Most fields only have symptoms in the upper nodes of affected plants so that the effects on yield this late in the season are uncertain. Where symptoms are more extensive, a yield impact is likely.
Aphid immigration patterns: It appears 2010 will be scored a “1” (low to moderate) on the “Clement” Index. This is because the cool and rainy June reduced aphid population growth and movement, although populations are now high in untreated fields. The source of virus inoculum this year remains uncertain since infectious aphids were rare in June. The warm spell in April could have brought in some undetected virus inoculum.
You can help: We would like to take advantage of the variability this year to measure the impacts of virus disease on pea yield. If you have symptoms like those shown in one of your fields and might be able to provide data on yield specific to that field, please let us know (sanforde@uidaho. edu). We would like to work with you.
We continue to see virus symptoms in certain fields in the southern part of the region, notably near Uniontown, Colfax and Genesee. We have reports, from Lyndon Porter who was scouting for fungal disease last week, that some virus symptoms (Pea enation mosaic) can be found in most fields from Colfax to Moscow/Pullman. Two of the fields scouted by Lyndon were severely injured. Jerry Mraz (PNW, Genesee) reports that some symptoms are present in most of the fields he is scouting. The degree of possible injury varies but is often confined to distortion of the uppermost pods and leaves. This late in the season it is difficult to know how much of an effect this could have on yield. Our surveys up north continue to find symptoms infrequently. Ken Fuchs (Co-Ag) also reports the crop looks virus free in the northern parts of the region except for rare, isolated plants. So the north-south differential observed in previous years is holding. We are completing a full symptom survey of all the trap sites north and south, today. We will have these results soon. A report will appear in the Pulse Pipeline this week.
Aphid numbers in traps are coming up across the region. Testing these aphids for presence of viruses is under way. Based on our surveys, virus symptoms in the crop remain confined to sites in the southern part of the region. For jpg photographs of representative symptoms observed near Site 17 click here (sympt1, sympt2, sympt3).
Plants and aphids from the southern part of the region have tested positive for Bean leaf roll virus. Suspected positives for PEMV are being retested. Aphids collected from sites 17 and 22 on June 3 are positive for BLRV.
The aphid traps for the season were installed on May 18 and collections began on May 24. View the trapping Locations and Data. In summary, we picked up one aphid in our reliable first detector site near Almota on May 24. May 27 we collected no aphids. This week we have picked up a few aphids from traps near Colton and Uniontown, despite the recent run of rainy weather.
We have also been sweeping pea fields at each of the sites. Some sites near Uniontown had aphids (winged and wingless) in the crop. This week we detected some in peas near Albion. Otherwise, the crop has been free of aphids throughout the region. Testing for virus in aphids from traps and sweep samples is underway and results will be communicated ASAP to this site.
Next week, we will be collecting plant tissue from pea fields adjacent to all of the trap sites and testing this tissue for viruses. We will use 3 100-meter transects into each field, collecting 30 plants and looking for symptoms. If you are hosting traps and do not want us in the field to take the samples for whatever reason, please let us know by following the "Feedback" link on the side bar.
The LVP personnel met for a 2-day retreat at the University of Idaho to set plans for the 2010 season. Trap locations will be determined soon. The Columbia Basin trip in April will go further west to seek PEMV sources, and will explore close to home along river canyons. Those interested in hosting traps should contact us, by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org.
Traps in the basin. (Walla Walla, Touchet) for the week of April 20, these traps were free of pea aphids.
Traps in the Palouse region. We have begun to set traps in the Palouse for the 2009 season. Although only a few growers have been able to plant pea or lentil, we will begin collecting aphids on May 15, as in prior years. We will have approximately 35 sites and these will be located on the map soon. Thanks to Ken Fuchs (CoAg) and Mike Devoe (Genesee Union) for their help in locating the trap sites this year.
Columbia Basin. We made our annual foray into the Basin on April 17-19 this year. Despite the cool season, aphids were located in alfalfa in 13 of 27 sites surveyed. Abundance was low (about 0.1 aphids per sweep). Thanks to help from McGregor's field men, especially Marshall McKinleye we located traps in Walla Walla, Touchet and Dayton.
Traps. We are just beginning to determine positions for traps for this season. With the new funding, we will be placing more traps than in previous years. If you are interested in having a trap located near one of your fields, please contact us.
Pea aphids remain at very low levels in the traps. We have yet to detect virus in any trapped aphids. We have detected PEMV in just one aphid collected from alfalfa. Based on the similarities in aphid and virus incidence this year and last, it appears that 2008 will be very low risk of virus in pea and lentil on the Palouse. We plan to continue monitoring aphids in the traps and in the fields until the second week of July. Data will be updated as we do so.
Pea aphids are beginning to arrive in the trap network (see This Year 2008 Locations). The numbers per trap are about 1/2 of what they were at this date in 2007, due evidently to the continuing cool and wet weather in the region. So far we have not detected virus in any of the aphids collected. Sweep net samples at 25 sites (all those shown on the Locations map), have collected no or few aphids at many sites. Maximum numbers observed are 1 aphid per sweep.